Monday, October 12, 2015

Sharif: Pak, India should be good neighbours

Lahore, October 10
Pakistan and India should live like “good neighbours” and resolve all issues, including Kashmir, through dialogue, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said here today. “I raised the issue of Kashmir in the UN with courage and spoke out my heart (over the issue). I also gave a proposal to India to improve ties with Pakistan.
“We (Indian and Pakistan) should live like good neighbours and find out a solution to the Kashmir issue,” Sharif said while talking to reporters here. He said he told the United Nations that it was its resolution on Kashmir and not that of Pakistan, therefore, it was the body’s duty to implement it. — PTI

IAF rafting team reaches Haridwar

Tribune News Service
Haridwar, October 10
Haridwar Mayor Manoj Garg welcomed Wing Commander Paramvir Singh and his team of swimmers and rafters on reaching at Har-ki-Pauri here today. The ‘Ganga Avahan’ team of the Indian Air Force (IAF) had started its journey from Devprayag on October 8, and after covering 92-km distance reached Haridwar yesterday evening.
Garg said in consonance with the Prime Minister’s vision of making India clean, the Ministry of Urban Development had supported the expedition as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission.
“I believe that this courageous expedition by armed forces personnel will definitely help in propagating the message of Swachh Bharat and Ganga cleanliness. It will also motivate people to realize their responsibility and actively participate in making the dream of Swachh Bharat a reality,” he said.
Upon reaching Haridwar, the team interacted with school students and told them about the Swachh Bharat Mission. The team also attended the Ganga aarti at Har-ki-Pauri and thanked people for their support.
Wing Cmdr Paramvir Singh said, “Each one of us is capable of setting an example and encouraging others around us to keep our surroundings clean. The Ganga is the most holy river of India and we need to take steps to keep its sanctity intact.”
The expedition team aims at setting a world record by rafting 2,800 km from Devprayag to Ganga Sagar in 35 days.

Civilians throng exhibition commemorating 1965 war with Pakistan

Residents of Shimla on Friday thronged an exhibition organised by Army Training Command (ARTRAC) to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1965 war with Pakistan.
The 1965 war was fought over Kashmir and ended in a ceasefire and a return to front lines that predated the conflict. and have fought three wars since independence and partition in 1947.
The exhibition was inaugurated by Governor, Acharya Dev Vrat and will go on for a week.
It also provided citizens with information on five of the 13 important fights during the war.
Also on display at the exhibition were busts of heroes who laid down their lives for the country.
Chief of ARTRAC, Lieutenant General P.M. Hariz, said the idea behind organising the exhibition was to help people understand the history of their country better.
"There have been celebrations of anniversary of the 1965 war across the country and it is being talked about all over. In fact, an exhibition was also held at Rajpath in so we thought the citizens of Shimla, especially the children, should also get a chance to see the elements of this war so that they can learn more about their country's history and the army," said Hariz.
India captured 1,920 kilometres of Pakistani land while Pakistan took over 540 kilometres of Indian territory in the 1965 war.Fighting ended after the United Nations intervened.

Army changing lives of Kashmiris: Tarun Vijay

JAMMU, Oct 10:  Lauding the role of Army in launching so many good will projects for the people of strife-torn State of J&K, BJP MP (Rajya Sabha) and Member Defense Standing Committee of Parliament, Tarun Vijay today said that every Kashmiri Muslim child has dream to study in Army Goodwill schools.
Mr Vijay, who was on the tour of interior areas of Kashmir Valley and border districts of Poonch and Rajouri told Excelsior while on his return journey to Union Capital that Army is running 46 schools in the State in which 14,000 students are studying. These schools have a staff strength of 1000 teachers and other employees, he added.
The students studying in these schools are toppers and these schools get 100 percent results in their areas. This is remarkable thing to note that how army is changing direct lives of five lakh people in the Valley.  He said no where in the world army gets involved in educational advancement, youth employment and medical health of the people as the Indian army has got involved for betterment of the masses in the strife -torn J&K State.
Tarun Vijay said that Army is performing yeoman’s role by coming to the help of poor and needy people who are the worst victims of terrorist violence in the State. The army has become now angels for educational advancement in the Valley, he added.
Appealing the people to cooperate with the army, the BJP leader urged them to be united against the terrorism which has eaten up vitals of the State over the last two decades.
Maintaining that Operation Sadhbhavna launched by the army in the strife -torn State has brought cheers on the faces of people in remote and hilly areas who otherwise were living in the State of neglect and abject poverty,
the BJP leader said that he will take up the issue with Defense Minister, Manohar Parrikar and urge him for further strengthening Operation Sadhbavna which is changing the perception of the people and making them more patriotic.
He said during his visit to Valley, he found that people were highly appreciative of army’s role in the State as it is changing the lives of masses in militancy infested areas.
He said the people are so influenced by Army’s goodwill gesture and public welfare projects launched by it under Operation Sadhbavna that Muslim girls in Sopore in North Kashmir District of Baramulla, South Kashmir district of Shopian and Capital City of Sringar sing “Ae mere Watan ke Logo Zara Yaad Karo Qurbani” and Sare Jehan se Achha Hindustan Hamara”. This is a very good development and the students studying in army schools have pledged to defeat terrorism and work for the unity and integrity of their motherland -India, he added.
Terming it a remarkable achievement he said Army is on the path of success in changing the mindset of the people through the medium of social service and education.

China to build half of eight submarines sold to Pakistan

Beijing and Islamabad will build eight submarines simultaneously, of which half will be built in China and the other half in Karachi, reports Beijing-based Reference News.
Rana Tanveer Hussain, Pakistan's minister of defense production, revealed this week that China will transfer the submarine technology to Pakistan. He did not state which type of submarine will be built or when the construction would begin.
Analysts believe that the Type 041 Yuan-class submarine has been selected as the model, according to Shanghai-based the Paper. Hussain also said a training center will be established in Karachi for the assembly of the submarines.

Navy officers get lateral entry to courses in Jamia

Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI) University has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Indian Navy to enable the Navy personnel to take lateral entry in various academic courses offered by the varsity.
The university had in August this year worked out a similar arrangement with the Air Force.
University officials said that under the MoU, JMI will recognise in-service training provided to the Navy personnel during their years in service and based on that they will provide credits to them. The admission to courses would be through the centre for distance and open learning and will lead to awarding of degrees on fulfilment of statutory requirements.
“We have entered into this collaboration with the Navy keeping in mind the future of personnel who enter service at a very young age and superannuate in their early thirties. This will give them an opportunity to begin second-innings of active service,” Jamia Spokesperson Mukesh Ranjan said.
“This will help in the technical advancement and progression of Indian Navy personnel and officers,” he added.
“The Indian Navy conducts in-service training programmes for its personnel at training centres across the country. The recognition of that training and courses following credit determination would make the officers eligible for admission in JMI for various academic programmes,” he said.
Jamia would appoint a Joint-Equivalence Committee for credit determination for all theoretical and practical components of academic-cum-training programmes in the Navy.
The university will start enrolling officers in its various courses starting from the next academic year. Personnel who are interested in applying can start the procedure in April next year. In near future, the varsity officials are also planning to explore the opportunity to undertake joint collaborative projects that would enable Indian Navy to share its expertise and technical knowledge with Jamia students, a university official informed.
The university had in August this year worked out a similar arrangement with the Air Force

Directorate General of Naval Armament Inspection Recruitment 2015 for 18 Draughtsman II Posts

Directorate General of Naval Armament Inspection under Indian Navy, Ministry of Defence Government of India has invited applicants to apply for 18 posts of Draughtsman-II. The interested and eligible candidates need to apply through prescribed application format before 45 days from the date of publication of advertisement in the employment news(October 03, 2015).
Selection of the candidates would be made based on their performance in the personal interview round conducted by the competent recruitment authority. Prepsure is providing more information about other Government Jobs 2015.
Vacancy details:
  • Name of the post: Draughtsman-II
  • Total number of posts: 18
  • Educational qualification: Candidates having three years Diploma in Civil or Mechanical/Electrical/Naval Architecture and Ship Construction Engineering from any recognized institute/university with at least five year of relevant working experience can apply for the post. Those candidates having two years diploma or certificate in Commercial Art from any recognized university/institute with at least three year experience in Draughtsmanship in any organization can also apply for the post.
  • Age limit: Candidates must not be older than 56 years.
Selection procedure: Selection of the candidates would be done based on their performance in the personal interview round conducted by the concerned recruitment authority. The candidates would also be judged by their educational qualification and experience in the relevant field.
How to apply:

When Indians Fought British Colonialism at Sea

Philip MacDougall’s latest work joins a growing literature that sets sail from land-locked history to chart human interactions on the open water. Eschewing traditional terrestrial narratives of India’s European colonisation, MacDougall reconstructs maritime strategies deployed by India’s indigenous states against Britain’s East India Company (EIC) between 1660 and 1800.
MacDougall ushers evidence showing how the Maratha Confederacy and later the Mysore state attempted to thwart British encroachment via three maritime strategies: head-on fleet engagement; the targeting of unescorted and isolated merchant ships; and alliances with Britain’s rivals, namely, France, Portugal, and the Netherlands.
MacDougall argues that these efforts ultimately failed, however, due to the inability or unwillingness of India’s indigenous states to create an effective blue-water navy. This development, he adds, would only have been possible if India’s indigenous states overturned their “continental mindset” and adopted “a vibrant economy supported by overseas trade” (p. 45).
This succinct book is divided into three parts. Part 1 provides background to the 18th century conflicts, mainly between Britain and India’s indigenous states, which are central to the book. MacDougall also takes time here to develop themes important throughout the book, including indigenous adoption of European technology, naval tactics, deployment of the play-off system, and the inability of indigenous states to overcome historical tensions and form a unified force.
The Maratha Confederacy, established in the 17th century, takes centre-stage in part 2. Originally conceived to counter Mughal and Siddi forces rather than fight European advances, the Maratha fleet began attacking British merchant ships around 1700 after it realised they were aiding its enemies. These conflicts escalated when the EIC extended its right not to purchase Marathan dashtaks (passports) to non-EIC vessels in order to avoid fees.
The Marathan navy, viewing this as a violation of terms, retaliated by trolling the Konkan coastline and attacking vulnerable English ships to check if they had proper documents. Though numerous, the attacking vessels were small and only effective in coastal skirmishes. Further limiting the effectiveness of the Marathas was a tendency among the confederacy’s leading chiefs to negotiate military alliances with the EIC for short-term gains. Together, these factors portended the confederacy’s demise.
A painted scroll showing Gurab, Galbat and other types of warships of the Maratha Navy. In the lower part of the scroll are shown the ships of the Maratha navy and some captured English ships. Credit: A Hero
A painted scroll showing Gurab, Galbat and other types of warships of the Maratha Navy. In the lower part of the scroll are shown the ships of the Maratha navy and some captured English ships. Credit:
Part 3 sheds light on Mysore, the “last of the Indian states to develop a navy with the potential to resist” the EIC (p. 135). Unlike the Mughals and Marathas before them, who believed they could maintain the economic benefits of European commerce while retaining their own sovereignty and control, Mysoreans saw the British presence solely as a threat. They began developing a blue-water naval force that could destroy the British at sea, cut off the cash flow back to London, and force their retreat from India. These measures, however, came too late. Despite an effective alliance with France, the Mysore fleet “was simply not ready and it was a long way from being so” when the EIC launched an assault against Mysore in February 1799 that effectively dismantled the state (p. 189).
Making novel use of well-worn sources, MacDougall sheds light on a form of indigenous resistance that has yet to receive much scholarly attention elsewhere. He also provides important correctives in Western historiography. In part 1, he reevaluates the importance of the death of Siddi Kassem to the demise of the Mughal Empire’s maritime capabilities. Elsewhere, he offers a fervid rebuttal of the portrayal of the Marathas as a piratical force by showing how this myth originated during the 18th century to justify Britain’s refusal to purchase dashtaks and use violence to achieve its commercial aims. The author, in contrast, presents the Marathan navy as a legitimate state force using unconventional naval warfare to fight a foreign enemy. Finally, MacDougall revises the narrative of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798-99) by highlighting the importance of indigenous sea power in challenging British power.
A view of Geriah as it was taken by the British fleet under the command of the Admirals Watson and Pocock 13 February 1756," by M. Hore and W. Tringham
A view of Geriah as it was taken by the British fleet under the command of the Admirals Watson and Pocock 13 February 1756,” by M. Hore and W. Tringham. Geriah was the most important fort and maritime asset of the Maratha confederacy.
Despite MacDougall’s contributions, his argument that the indigenous states of India had the potential to challenge British power in India seems at times a rhetorical exercise in the counterfactual “what ifs” of history, as the author himself acknowledges. This leaves the reader feeling that, despite indigenous states’ attempts, their failure to develop an effective blue-water navy meant they could only temporarily stave off Britain’s advances. Finally, one wishes MacDougall had spent more time crafting sentences and selecting quotations. Passive voice riddles the book while lengthy block quotes interrupt the book’s flow and ultimately distract the reader from its key arguments.
Historians outside MacDougall’s geographic specialisation would do well to take notice of this recent historiographical contribution. Maritime, military, and global historians as well as historians of technology and indigenous peoples will all find valuable examples to enrich their own comparative analyses.Nicholas Cunigan is a graduate student of history at Kentucky University. He tweets at @njcunigan


M. Akram Zaki

Sunday, October 11, 2015 - Since the election of extremist, right wing BJP government led by Prime Minister Modi. the Indo-Pakistan relations have become more complex His National Security Adviser, Mr. Ajit Doval and his Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Mr V.P. Singh, (Ex- Army Chief) are both very hostile towards Pakistan and China. They have a Doctrine of ”offensive defence,” which implies interference in internal affairs to destabilize the adversary. Hostile statements from Indian leadership , frequent unproved ceasefire violations in Kashmir and firing on Pakistan territory in Sialkot sector are destabilizing regional peace. India is also feverishly arming itself, which has upset the regional balance and created a threat to peace.

WEST ASIA or the Middle East, with its energy resources and strategic location, is in a real mess. It has multiple crises and each crisis has many dimensions. Every crisis has the potential to provoke a major global conflict. Time does not permit even listing of issues involved. Suffice it to say that all nations and, especially, great Powers should make sincere efforts to stabilize this vital region through peaceful bilateral and multilateral Diplomacy, including the system of the United Nation and the CICA framework. One indirect, but positive impact of the enflamed Middle East has been on the need of President Obama to tone down his assertive “Pivot Asia and rebalancing” policy by shifting Forces from Middle East to Asia-Pacific. Now, USA has to devote more time and attention to Middle East and Ukraine. There is also the constraint of resources due to cut in Defence Budget. Obama is obliged to adopt a more realistic attitude towards China. The prospect of building New Type Major Country Relationship Between China and USA have improved. This will be good for peace and security in Asia and the world

The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road is likely to face serious security challenges, rising out of US policy of “PIVOT Asia”, and “rebalancing” the USA-Japan-Australia-India security cooperation, the strident stand of Japan over Diaoyu Islands and claims of some East Asian Countries, on Islands in South China Sea, the possible danger of interception at Malacca strait , the growing Indo-Us Strategic Partnership, India’s Military buildup and her Naval ambitions to control Indian Ocean, India’s huge Military and Naval establishment at Andaman and Nicobar Islands, American Base at Diego Garcia, the Yemen Conflict, the strategic interest of a major power over “Socotra Island” in Red Sea to control Bab-ul-Mandeb and access to Suez Canal. 

India’s Naval Doctrine was formulated by an Indian Historian and Diplomat, Mr. K.M. Panikar, who served as India’s Ambassador to China {1948-1952) He wrote two books on Indian Ocean strategy and role of Sea Power. Like Alfred Thayer Mahan before him, he recognized that England, an Island Nation built an Empire, by developing a powerful Navy and having control of Oceans. He maintained that Navy is not needed to defend the coastline; that is the duty of the Army. Navy is needed to control the Oceans and to prevent the entry and commerce of rivals. He advocated that Indian Ocean must be made fully Indian , Fortunately, it is not an Indian Lake It is really an Afro-Asian Ocean as it washes the shores of a large number of countries in Asia and Africa

In view of India’s negative reaction to Maritime Silk Road Initiative the safety of the Sea lanes and security of Sea Ports, likeChittagong in Bangladesh, Hambantota & Colombo in Sri Lanka, and Gwadar in Pakistan, has assumed greater importance The proposed construction of Kra canal across the Kra Isthmus in Thailand can help to avoid the crowded Malacca Strait and make Sea route shorter and safer The development of Gwadar Port and its link to Kashgar,3000 kilometers up north, by a network of Roads, Railways, Telecommunications and Pipelines is very significant for the Security and development of western China’s Trade with energy rich Middle East as well as with Africa and Europe. 

Pakistan and China, during the last several decades, have built a comprehensive, strategic partnership based on mutual trust, mutual respect, and mutual benefit. They are “Iron Brothers” and now they are raising this partnership to a new high, by massive development of infrastructure,like roads, railways, telecommunications , major energy projects to produce various form of energy, from coal, wind, solar, oil, gas, hydro and nuclear, also by setting up Especial Economic Zones, or Industrial Parks. Pakistan will be a corridor of safety and progress

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

The proposal of building China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in its present form was formally initiated by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang during his visit to Pakistan in May 2013.It was developed during the China visits of Pakistani President, Mamnoon Hussain in February 2014 and the visit of Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif two months later. The final documents were signed in April 2015, and the CPEC project was inaugurated, when the Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a State visit to Pakistan.

Actually, Pakistan, is China’s an old and time tested friend. Pakistan had provided to China, in April 1964, an AIR CORRIDOR to travel to Middle East and beyond, and ended the hostile encirclement of China, when PIA became the First Airline to start flights to China. Having a vision of the future, China and Pakistan soon, thereafter, started planning the construction of Karakoram Highway to link the two counties also by land .When the USSR was unraveling it was recognized that Pakistan’s strategic location makes it a natural transit route or a corridor of trade and energy not only for China and Afghanistan, but also between three regions of West Asia ,Central Asia and South Asia. 

In 1992, Pakistan took the initiative, along with Iran and Turkey, the two other members of Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and made five newly independent states of Central Asia and Azerbaijan along with Afghanistan as full members of ECO in November1992, raising the number of ECO members from Three to Ten. The First Foreign Ministers’ conference of ten ECO countries meeting at Quetta, Pakistan, adopted the “Quetta Plan of Action” to provide the Landlocked ECO countries of Central Asia a corridor and access to the Sea coast at Gwadar by building roads, railway, pipeline and telecommunication network Work on building a port at Gwadar was started earlier and the first Jetty was ready in1992.The two projects to build Gas pipelines from Iran and Turkmenistan , IPI and TAPI also confirm the importance of Pakistan as energy corridor. 

The idea of connecting Kashgar and Gwadar has been in the minds of visionary thinkers since many years. In 2001 Chinese Premier, Zhu Rongji visited Gwadar and offered to build a Port, because work started earlier had been virtually given up. Plans to widen and to improve the Karakoram Highway were also approved..A study to build a rail link between western China and Pakistan was also reportedly prepared. At least since 2006 the idea of China Pakistan Trade and Energy corridor has been under discussion from time to time. Now the Fully developed master plan for building a comprehensive, multi dimensional China Pakistan Economic Corridor has been formally launched with great fanfare .It has been called a “game changer.” Pakistan and China are all weather Strategic Partners to implement the plans to ensure regional security and common development All provinces and regions of Pakistan will benefit from the projects envisaged in CPEC. While Pakistan will be developed any plans to contain or limit the outreach of China will be Neutralized, because CPEC will link the Silk Road Economic Belt, and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. The CPEC is an important part of “Asian Security Concept” 

The construction of projects connected with CPEC require peace, stability and security. Pakistan has been the worst victim of terrorism by non-state actors , some of them also receive foreign support. Pakistan, since June 2014, is conducting a major operation “Zarb-e-Azab” against terrorism to destroy the hideouts of terrorists.. Pakistani nation is determined to eliminate the evil of terrorism from the country . Pakistan has also established a special Security Force for protection and Security of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and Chinese nationals and others working to complete the Corridor Projects. 

This will make CPEC the shorter, cheaper and much safer link between China, Middle East, and then in conjunction with 21st Century Maritime Silk Road also with Africa, and Europe. 

The Security and development of Asia, during the next decade will depend on many factors, including stabilization of the Middle East by settling Palestine dispute and other conflicts as well as the resolution of Kashmir and other Indo-Pakistan disputes. CICA member countries should exercise their moral and political influence for promoting peaceful settlement of disputes. They should abstain from interference in the internal affairs of other countries. They should promote cooperation in tackling challenges of terrorism, separatism, extremism, drug trafficking and organized crime. Law enforcement should receive high priority for ensuring stability. People to people contact, and cultural exchange between countries should be encouraged, because people are the real force of Peace.

Pakistan supports the “Asian Security Concept” and Principles of Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA)The President of Pakistan, MR. Mamnoon Hussain attended the Fourth CICA Summit, held at Shanghai in May 2014, to demonstrate our support. We think that if member countries of CICA, demonstrate the Political Will and faithfully implement, the agreed principles of CICA Declaration of 1999 and the decisions made during the Four CICA Summits, Asia will have a bright future. It is especially important to consistently pursue policies, dedicated to peace, stability and common development. In the next decade, the energy rich Central Asia, and West Asia as well as energy deficit South Asia can improve connectivity and make all around progress in Agriculture, Industry, Commerce, Human Development, and contribute to peaceful co-existence between States of the Region and enhance cooperation for common development and common security for all. The CICA member States should not only cooperate among themselves, they should also develop peaceful cooperation and commerce with countries of other regions, like Africa, Europe, North and South Americas as well as Australia, New Zeeland and Asia Pacific. Asia, which has long tradition of Peace, will play a leading role in avoiding conflict, promoting mutual cooperation and building a Stable, Peaceful and Harmonious World.

The creation of this Non-governmental CICA Forum by China is really a praise worthy initiative. This can be an important instrument of promoting people to people contacts and cultural exchanges between Scholars, Journalists, Professionals , formers, Labour, students and youth and revive the ancient Silk Road Spirit of developing friendly interaction, understanding and cooperation between different cultures and creating a common human civilization. (condludes)
Challenges Await Completion of Indian AF Net-centric System
NEW DELHI — The $1.3 billion contract the Indian Air Force awarded to state-owned Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) to complete a homegrown network-centric warfare system could face integration challenges with the other services and will not compensate for a shrinking air fleet, analysts said.
The integrated air command and control system (IACCS) receives data from a variety of radars and generates reports from mobile observation posts, integrating other data elements from Air Force bases and civilian agencies to create a real-time comprehensive picture.
"The algorithms [for IACCS] have been indigenously developed in coordination with the IAF. Hardware like workstations and routers would have been imported," said Daljit Singh, retired IAF air marshal.
The second phase of IACCS will add four major radar networks to the fully automatic network-centric system to top the five networks in operation which the Air Force currently uses along its border with Pakistan.
The second phase will establish nodes for use along the border with China and Bangladesh, and for central and southern India, the official added.
Meanwhile, military officers say the net-centric systems being developed by the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force should be integrated. But they are divided about whether assistance will be needed from foreign companies such as Raytheon.
Another IAF official, who requested not to be quoted, said integrating the services' network centric systems would be a difficult task for domestic companies.
"Radar networking requires in-depth integration. Since all three use different kinds of radars, integration is quite a challenge. I do not think BEL can integrate all three. They will have to approach companies like Raytheon or Thales or ELTA, etc., for the same. Companies who have implemented EUROCONTROL in European Union are the best bet for BEL. Massive software integration tasks require huge manpower costs," the official added.
A Defence Ministry official said that in the long run, the net-centric systems of all the three services will be integrated, and that it should be possible to accomplish it domestically.
"The Indian Army is in the process of contracting BEL to provide similar software to meet the requirements of the Army. There is an agreement to integrate these systems [with the Air Force] to ensure exchange of relevant information," Singh said.
Nirdosh Tyagi, retired IAF air marshal said that while it will be possible to integrate the systems, the services use different systems.
"Due to differences in types of assets, all three services do not have identical networking requirements. Even in a totally integrated inter-services environment, every bit of information will not be required by all. It would be possible to integrate these systems to the extent operationally desired," he said.
The first IAF official said that the IACCS eventually will operate similarly to the NATO Air Command and Control System, which will result in automation of all planning and execution of air operations.
"The IACCS will in reality mature into sort of an independent air command-and-control structure and integrate all the air assets of the Indian Air Force including space-based assets like satellites and surveillance systems," he said.
But Air Force officials and analysts are unanimous that the IACCS will not compensate for the service's dwindling fleet strength. Against an immediate requirement of 42 squadrons, only 35 squadrons are operational.
"Force multipliers cannot ever be substitutes for force, as adversaries also endeavor to build their own IACCS systems without undertaking combat force reduction. Over the next 15 years, IAF would have no alternative to rebuilding its combat squadron strength to the sanctioned and critically needed level of 45 squadrons," Kapil Kak, retired IAF Air Vice Marshal and defence analyst, said. "Inability to do so would enormously weaken India's conventional deterrence and operational preparedness to face the awesome combined air power challenge from China and Pakistan."
"IACCS improves operational control of assets due to networking. It is not a substitute for fighters. For example, IACCS would help in detection and engagement of enemy aircraft effectively but fighters would still be required in requisite numbers to neutralize the intruders," Tyagi said.
Putting Women in Combat Roles Easier Said than Done: Government

NEW DELHI: A day after Air Force Chief Arup Raha announced that women fighter pilots will debut soon, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Friday said that a policy decision in this regard would be made after studying the implications as it may have some “operational” or “training difficulties”.
He was speaking to reporters  after attending a parade on the 66th anniversary of the Territorial Army in Delhi cantonment.  “The procedure is on. I am still not aware as to why an in-principle approval should not be given. There could some hurdles, difficulties during the training. Keeping all this in mind, we will soon announce a policy. They have recommended women in combat role and there is no reason why we should not accept it. It can be thought upon on how and when they can be used,” Parrikar said.
“There are some operational difficulties. Barring that, why can’t women participate in the combat operations (of Indian Air Force)? I also have some questions related to this and I am discussing with them. This takes time,” he added.
The proposal to induct women into a fighting arm is a first in the three services, which were earlier not open to the idea.
In May, Parrikar had ruled out recruiting women for combat operations in the armed forces due to apprehensions about their safety, but said that they would be encouraged to join other operational areas with their inclusion being stepped up in phases.
On similar lines, the IAF Chief in last March had made a statement that women were physically not suited to fly fighter planes.  But, on Friday, Parrikar said the role of women in combat operations can be different as in today’s age defence forces are also required to maintain security within the country.
“If any decision is taken without understanding, then the implication will be bad. In principle, we are for equality for both the sexes, no gender discrimination, except when there are operational problems or training problems,” the Defence Minister said. On the issue of aircraft shortfall in the Air Force, Parrikar said there has been an in-principle agreement between IAF and HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) for 100 Light Combat Aircraft.

AFCAT 2 Results 2015 are Declared : Check list of Shortlisted candidates

AFCAT 2 Results 2015: Today Indian Air Force Common Admission Test – AFCAT 2 Results are declared, Board conducted the exam from 27-06-2015 to 23-07-2015. Aspirants who participated in this exam they can check their results here. Just now board declared the results in the main web portal. In this exam, huge number of candidates are appeared to fill the vacancies. Good news to the candidates who are searching for the Results they can check here according to the sections and also check shortlisted candidates list here, Board invited the application to fill the vacancies of the Flying, Technical and Ground Duty.

Check AFCAT 2 Results 2015 are Declared:

The Indian Air Force is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. The main responsibility of it is to secure the Indian airspaces and to organize the Aerial warfare at the time of conflict. It conducts various examinations for the recruitment of eligible candidates in various departments. Notification is released this year for the recruitment of commissioned offer vacancies in Flying, technical and Ground Duty branches through the air force common admission test (AFCAT)-02/2015. Indian Air Force organizes the examination and also the candidates can go through the answer key from the official website.
AFCAT 2 Results 2015
Now the aspirants are searching for the answer key so that candidate can predict the marks and results. AFCAT 2015 Results will be available for the candidates on the official website link that is provided here.

Steps to Check the AFCAT 2 Results 2015:

  • Move to the main site IAF main site.
  • Search for the link of the Results of AFCAT and EKT 2015 exam.
  • Enter the details generated when you applied for AFCAT 2015
  • A New Window appears open with your results
  • Check the scorecard in the AFCAT 2015 and EKT Exam 2015
  • AFCAT Exam marks and EKT Exam marks will display on your monitor.
  • Save the document and take a copy for the interview process.
Direct link to the AFCAT 2015 results is provided here. Check the results and stay tuned to our page for latest updates using the page given here.

War no solution to any issue: Kasuri

Varinder Singh
Tribune News Service
Chandigarh, October 11

Advocating better people-to-people contact and trade ties between people of India and Paksitan, former Paksitan minister of foreign affairs Khurshid Ahmed Kasuri said the war could not be a solution to any issue of the world.
Kasuri, whose book “Neither A Hawk, Nor A Dove” has hit the stands in India, remained the foreign minister of Pakistan from 2002 to 2007 during President Pervez Musharraf’s regime and was considered one of main architects of the Indo-Pak peace process.
He was here to deliver a talk on “Strengthening relationship between India and Pakistan” at the Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID).
The event was presided over by Harish Khare, Editor-in-Chief of the Tribune Group of Newspapers. Prof RP Bambah, Rachpal Malhotra and Kuldip Kaur, Senior Vice-Chairman, Executive Vice-Chairman and Director General of CRRID, respectively, were also present.
Kasuri said it was a matter of grave concern that history was not being taught properly both in Pakistan and India.
“It was due to this reason that I decided to refer to Ashoka and Chandragupta Maurya in my account. Punjab produced two great heroes, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and King Porus, who did a lot for their motherland. But, it was not taught in the right perspective as part of history in Pakistan. In a way, we have murdered history.
“Similarly, Mahatma Gandhi’s fast played a crucial role in our side getting our assets. But, that is also somehow missing in history teachings there. I have tried to reflect everything about the India-Pakistan relationship truthfully and it could be the reason why there will be certain things that will be unliked by both—Indians and Pakistanis,” Kasuri said.
Kasuri negated the possibility of any war between the two countries. “If you (Pakistan and India) cannot fight a war then what is the logic behind border skirmishes? No country of this region can afford a war due to the presence of nuclear arms. There is always a way to solve tangles. The best solution is not to let the dialogue process get derailed by the negative forces that do not want to see lasting peace on both sides,” he said.
The best solution to ease strained relations between the two countries was to encourage people-to-people contact besides boosting trade and cultural exchanges. “We should have a vision. Let there be open borders like the countries of European Union,” he said.

Over 10,000 people enrol for Army's medical camp

Jammu, October 11
Over 10,000 people today enrolled themselves to avail of the medical facility at a multi-specialty camp organised by the Army’s Northern Command at a remote village in Udhampur district.
More than 10,000 people have enrolled themselves to get treatment at the Army medical camp that was organised under the aegis of the Northern Command at the remote Pancheri village in Udhampur district today, said Udhampur-based defence spokesperson, Col S D Goswami.
“The camp was organised on the request of the villagers as the area is remote and deprived of medical facilities, besides no medical camp was held in the area in the last 10 years,” Colonel Goswami said.
The camp which was inaugurated by Maj Gen SPS Kochar, he added.
Specialists in the field of ENT, medicine, opthalmology, gynaecology, paediatrics and surgery were present at the camp to providing their services to the people.
Facilities such as plastic surgery, dental and pathology were being provided along with free of cost ECG, lab facilities and free medicines to the patients, the Army spokesperson said.
The villagers could avail themselves of the super- specialty treatment along with latest diagnostic facilities, he added. — PTI

Serving, retired officers of Punjab Regiment relive old memories

Chandigarh, October 11
The Chandigarh Chapter of the Punjab Regiment Officers Association (PROA) held its annual meet here today, with about 120 serving and retired officers from the region getting together to strengthen regimental bonds and relive old memories.
The General Officer Commanding 16 Corps, Lt Gen RR Nimbhorkar, who is also Colonel of the Punjab Regiment, was the chief guest on the occasion.
He gave an overview of the activities of all battalions of the Regiment and discussed various regimental issues with the veterans.
He said the performance of Punjab Regiment battalions deployed on counter-insurgency operations had been commendable.
The Commandant of the Punjab Regimental Centre, Brig GPS Sishodia, was also present on the occasion.
Prominent among the veterans who attended the event were Lt Gen BS Sachhar, Maj Gen Shivdev Singh and Maj Gen KS Sethi.
The President of the Chapter, Col Rajinder Singh, said the Punjab Regiment was the oldest infantry regiment of the Indian Army, with its first unit being raised in 1761. At present, it has 19 regular battalions. It has to its credit a large number of battle honours, gallantry and distinguished service awards. — TNS

L to R-    COL BS Brar(President Tri-city),Brig Manjit Singh (Patron),Col AS Binder(Joint President),Col RS Boparai(President),Col CJS Khera(Gen Secy).

Standing L to R --Nk karamjit Singh,Sub Nikka Singh,Hav Dalbir Singh,
                         Sgt NK Tiwari,Nk Satish Sharam,Col HS Multani,
       Capt Khushwant Singh, JWO JP Mehta.
 Hav Nasib Singh sitting extreme right in place of Col Khera.
A long awaited meeting of the core committee members was held under the chairmanship of the President Sanjha Morcha Col Ranjit Singh Boparai on 11 oct 2015 . The meeting could not be held due to overhauling of their hearts ( with stunts & by pass channels) of the President himself, Joint President Col Avtar Singh Binder and as we know the Chairman Major Santok Singh Dhillon is bed ridden since long due to age factor.Few members of core committee could not come due to Sunday commitment.
The meeting was attended by the Patron Brig Manjit Singh, Gen Secy Col CJS Khera, President Tri City Col Bupinder Singh Brar,President Patiala and Fathegarh sahib Capt Khushwant Singh Dhillon, along with Ambala Rage President and other members.
  The following few points were deliberately  discussed in detail during the meeting
   1.    President gave out the history of Sanjha Morcha in brief since 30 Oct 2009 ( Raising day)  and future planning to be adopted by the Sanjha Morcha in view of on going  OROP agitation and other related problems faced by the Ex-servicemen in various states, their re-employment, of widows especially of NCO’s/JCO’s of rural areas. The children education of the widows and assisting children of veteran NCO/JCO in admission in the education Institutions.

  2.      All the district President of Sanjha Morcha will approach the concerned District Administration authorities like DC/SDM/SSP/SHO’s related to ESM problem. A written letter will be handed over to concerned authorities on the Sanjha Morcha Letter head. The ESM requested to approach the Gen Secy/Joint secy for the purpose. It will also look into the pension problems of the widows.

 3.    It will be obligatory on part of members of e Sanjha Morcha representative, to attend all functions at of  ESM/ pay abeyance to the Martyrs and take up issue related if any of the dependants.

4.     It was unanimously decided by all members that Sanjha Morcha will support all type of agitation and rallies organised by any ESM organisation which works for the welfare and interest of Ex-servicemen community. No rally or agitation will be supported which is being conducted for personal projection ,politically motivated   or with any  vested interest of any kind .

  5..    Sanjha Morcha supports the ongoing Agitation at Jantar Mantar ,as it has become a prestigious issue and to withdraw at this juncture will prove to be fatal for the respectability of ESM community. It will keep sending its  members to participate at Jantar Mantar as was done in the past.

  6.   However it was felt that ongoing  Rallies must be organised at various  District levels but would be appropriate if the timing can be adjusted after knowing the contents of the govt Notification in respect of OROP.

6.   Sanjha Morcha Suggest that before issue of final Notification a draft notification must be discussed with Ex-Servicemen Organisations inspite of the fact that few organisation have committed in writing to have review of pension after every 5 years as they were not represented by an officer representatives.  
Sanjha Morcha want the Govt to review the announcement of OROP done on 05 Sep 2015 by the Hon'ble defence Minister along with the three chiefs and showed a complete trust and faith in the Defence minister Mr Manohar Parrikar. Sanjha Morcha suggest review as under as under

   7. Sanjha Morcha do not advocate the depositing of Medal. The Medal are to be borne on the 56" Chest of each Sainik and sanctity of medals  should be maintained and the emotions and attachment to them  need to be respected and not to lower the dignity of medal in the Eyes of Babus. The fate of previously approx 25000 medals deposited is yet to be known and many Veterans have left it forever waiting for OROP. Sanjha Morcha feels that ,lets not play with the sentiments of our brother ESM  as medals  becomes a treasure with the next of Kin or Children and grand Children. The disposal of 25000 medals need to be looked into for their return to the veterans first ,in case received back from govt as it is past 10 years.

   8.  Sanjha Morcha will take up cases with MD ECHS for paucity of funds and Non availability medicines and the long and tiresome procedure to get medicines marked NA. The enhancement of financial powers of Officer in-charge of any ECHS o be raised from Rs 30000/- to minimum of Rs 100,000/-.

   9.. Sanjha Morcha has opened up its membership to all veterans from all states. The Form can be downloaded from the Blog by Right Click,save it and Print it,fill it and send the form with subscription fee as indicated by post or deposit the fee in the bank and send copy of the bank receipt with along with the form.
                                  The General Secy
                                  Ex-Servicemen Joint Action Front
                                  Branch Office
                                  # 1403 Sector 40-B                 
                                 Chandigarh (U.T)

 Membership form

Ex-servicemen celebrate IAF anniversary; OROP protest to continue

New Delhi: Continuing their demand for One Rank One Pension (OROP), ex-servicemen on Thursday boycotted the official function of the 83rd anniversary of the Indian Air Force (IAF) and celebrated it at the Jantar Mantar protest site. Many wing commanders and veterans of the IAF marked the anniversary.

“The Indian Air Force played an important role in the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.
We proudly celebrate the birth of the IAF,” said Major General Satbir Singh (retd), who has been leading the protest of ex-servicemen for 116 days now. “We will not end our protest till all our demands are met. We want original OROP to be implemented not the one that is altered,” he said.
The veterans also unfurled the tricolour and sang the national anthem. A group of students from Venkateshwar College performed and recited patriotic songs and poems.
Wing Commander V.K. Sharma (retd) said: “All servicemen of the country have played their roles in protecting the nation and the government should not delay further in meeting their demands.” Archana Kapoor, the first woman Indian Air Force pilot, said: “To serve the nation has been our first priority till now, but the government seems to pay no respect to the veterans.”
“Their demands are genuine and should be met as soon as possible.” On the recruitment of women pilots for jet fighters, Kapoor told IANS: “This should have been done much before.”
“When I was in the Air Force, there was no scope of flying a jet fighter for females, but now I am proud that it will soon be a reality. This will boost the confidence of many women across the nation,” she said. “There is nothing which is out of the capacity of women in this era.”
Stand up for the Indian soldier
Dr Harsh V Pant
Professor of Defence Studies & International Relations
Kings College London

It is with a sense of disbelief that one hears the Indian minister of state for defence, sitting in his cozy air-conditioned seminar room, pontificating that 'it is unbecoming' of former soldiers to protest against the treatment meted out to them by the government. So here's a non-soldier making a public protest. One hopes that it is not below the dignity of the minister to read this.
The minister would not have dared to make such a comment had the protestors been a part of his or his party's vote bank. The fact that the Indian armed services do not go public with their grievances does not mean that they do not have any concerns and the fact that they have been forced to come to the streets should make the minister and his government acknowledge how desperate the situation might be.
The Indian government is fooling itself if it thinks that by dragging its feet on the issue of the armed forces dissatisfaction with the recommendations of the Sixth Pay Commission, it can make the issue go away.
A country that refuses to respect its armed forces will eventually end up getting forces that will not respect the nations' aspirations. A country makes a sacred contract with its soldiers that while he/she will lay down his/her life when called upon to do so, the nation will take good care of his/her and his/her family's needs to the extent its resources would permit.
This contract underpins the very survival of a nation as when its territorial integrity and political independence are under threat, the nation looks upon the only instrument that can protect it -- its armed forces.
While all governments have to look for a considered bargain between their commitments and power and between power and resources, a responsible government will always be aware of the serious implications of not spending adequate resources on defence.
The debate as it has been made out to be in some quarters between defence and development is a spurious one. Unless adequate provisions are made for defence, no state will be able to pursue its developmental agenda. This is much more important for a country like Indiathat faces a unique security environment with two of its 'adversaries' straddling it on two sides of its borders and problems on all sides of its periphery.
A government can keep spouting pious rhetoric about global peace and non-violence but it realises fully that force is the ultimate ratio in international relations. Politics among nations is conducted in the brooding shadow of violence. Either a state remains able and willing to use force to preserve and enhance its interests or it is forced to live at the mercy of its militarily powerful counterpart.
Even Nehru, after neglecting defence for all the years after independence had to eventually concede in 1962 that India's military weakness 'has been a temptation, and a little military strength may be a deterrent.'
The Indian public and press remain apathetic on defence issues. We make Kargilinto a television spectacle, an opportunity for our journalists to try to show their temporary bravery by going to the frontlines for a few hours and getting the excitement of covering a war from the inside. And then when it is all over, our soldiers have been interred into their graves, we move on to new and more exciting spectacles -- to our song and dance reality shows and saas-bahu sagas, forgetting that soldiers are still on guard.
This is a nation that will cry with Lata Mangeshkar when she sings Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon but will not make any effort to understand the real problems and concerns of its soldiers. It is a sign of the highly skewed priorities of the Indian media that the rising turmoil and dissatisfaction within the ranks of nations' armed forces is being given only perfunctory coverage.
It is an issue of nation's very survival yet the media seems busy with its devotion of superficialities. Every rave and rant of Bollywood actors is religiously covered, detailed dissection of seemingly never-ending cricket matches are conducted, exorbitant pay rises in the corporate sector make it to the headlines but the one issue that can make or break the future of this country is consigned to the margins.
We continue to pray at the altar of our false heroes while our real heroes continue to face neglect and scorn.
The armed forces feel they have never got their due from various pay commissions over the years but the government in its wisdom decided to keep the armed forces away from any representation in the latest Pay Commission. The dominance of bureaucrats meant that while the interests of the bureaucrats were well-recognised, the armed services once again ended up getting a raw deal.
The discontent is so serious that some of the best and brightest in our services have refused to go for the Higher Command Courses and more and more are seeking an early retirement. Indian armed forces are desperately trying to fill vacancies as other professions are luring the young of the country.
Against the sanctioned strength of 300 per batch, the National Defence Academy finds that it can only attract 192 cadres this year. The same story repeats itself in the Indian Military Academy . A country that purports to be a rising power is facing a shortage of more than 11,000 officers.
The reason is pretty obvious: One can't think of any major power in the world that treats its soldiers the way India does. It is indeed a sorry sight when India 's bravest have to literally cry out for help from a callous politico-bureaucratic elite.
Our politicians remain more than willing to waste tax payers money by routinely boycotting Parliament and have never shied away from increasing their own pay and allowances, claiming that they remain underpaid. Yet those who defend the sanctity of Parliament are given a short shrift.
The abysmal knowledge of defence issues that pervades the Indian political class probably gives them an illusion that the country is being protected by divine blessings.
Political apathy and bureaucratic design are rapidly eroding the self-esteem of our forces. A functioning liberal democracy needs a loyal soldier that can take care of the state's security, allowing the state to look after its citizenry. In India , the State is gradually withering away, all that's left is the loyal soldier. How long will this soldier, under siege from all sides, remain steadfast to its commitments, is a question all Indians should seriously ponder on.
The ABOVE article IS an accurate analysis of our countries precarious situation. If anything the current scenario has worsened, the article was written in 2008.

Dear Veterans
  Your views are required on the following issues concerning OROP

1. Should Rallies be conducted without waiting for Govt notification on OROP.

2.  Should more medal 10000 Nos  be deposited with the President after without knowing the fate of 25000 Nos already deposited with President of India.many veterans must have left for heavenly abode and who has the record of them.

3. Should veterans get involved in Political game of elections in Bihar to ensure defeat of present govt.

   The views will be uploaded on the blog . please give your Rank,Name,Contact Number and snap to be uploaded.
The views should send your views  in  Point form and  not in long paragraph  nor No accusation or degrading anyone.
mail to

Gen Secy(Sanja Morcha)
Thanks for asking our views. Mine are as follows.
We MUST continue the pressure and keep on holding the Rallies. The govt must be mad to realise that the Truncated and diluted OROP is NOT acceptable to us .All this MUST happen BEFORE the issue of Notification. Once it is issued , we can do very little . Our Pressure may force the govt to rectify the anomalies in the announce OROP.If we discontinue agitation at JM, It would vbe very difficult to restart AFTER the issue of Notification . It is easier to 'continue a thing already in motion' that to 'restart' it. Also , if we discontinue the agitation at JM , it would mean that we have  'accepted' what the govt has announced We MUST deposit more medals , again to continue the pressure. It was deposition of medals and signing in blood that gave major boost to our demand of OROP and building of pressure on the Govt. There is nothing wrong in building pressure through political means . All govts respond to political pressure . The UPA govt announced OROP just before the elections , so did the NDA PM candidate (Modi). OROP is JUST the begining. We have to fight so many other  battles to get our  status  as before 1973 and  the grant of NFU to the military. We MUST insist on getting 75% of pay as  pension for our JCOs and ORs All those friends who want to discontinue the ongoing agitation, would be making a very serious and grave  mistake . Now that the victory is in sight , we MUST not rest on our oars. It is the final assault that decides victory or defeat. Having reached so far , we have no reason to stop now till OROP is given 'as per definition' already accepted by the two parliaments. Hence , " ALL TOGATHER, HEAVE"  and put the OROP gun on its firing platform. History is a very cruel judge ,it has never respected the 'Fickle Minded' . Only the resolute win. So , let's show more RESOLVE and FAITH in ourselves
IC-15948P , Brig Harwant Singh (Retd)
Point wise answers are as follows

1.  No. Stop forthwith..we love our veterans and don't want them to suffer any more.

2.  No.It seems nobody other than us values them any more.

3.  No.It is too late in the day to even think about it.

Rear Admiral K L Malhan retired.  9811201475  Gurgaon  sushma malhan

Dear General Secretary,
  I feel rallies should continue till  Govt accepts to sanction OROP as approved by the Parliament without any dilution what so ever.    we should not return Medals as it has no  meaning to the Govt.     Further we should not get on to any Political agitation at this stage.
                    Sincerely yours
                 Col U N Mohapatra (Retd)
                       IC 14253A         

 My views are mentioned below
1.      Politics    We as ESM are apolitical but do have our very own  ESM politics within. Unless we rise above our internal politics, we shall stand to loose not only in OROP but on all other issues also. Therefore I request one & all to talk it over & get out of current acrimonious situation of divided ESM fraternity.    We must unite completely. In any case we should stop passing negative comments on each other particularly on social media. It is best to sort out differences mutually one to one.  UNITY IS THE ANSWER. In case Various groups fail to sort out their differences, then We may consider taking help of yet senior ESM to bring    all ESM groups together under one banner. I take the liberty of suggesting names of Gen VP Malik, Admiral Arun Prakash, Lt Gen Vijay Oberoi & Lt Gen SK Bahri for reconciliation process in case acceptable to them. I request ESM to consider this with open mind & suggest more names. I am confident that they will be magnanimous to accept our request.
2.     Bihar elections The socio-political situation of Bihar is not favourable to the cause of ESM. Therefore it is best to keep away from it. No matter whichever party wins/looses, we shall stand to disadvantage if we get involved there.. Similarly we should refrain from meddling in elections in WB & UP IN 2016. In near future ( 2017) when elections are conducted  in Uttarakhand & Punjab, we can take a call at that time a few months in advance.
3.     Medals ESM are the sole proud holders & custodians of their medals & should retain these with themselves under any circumstances. In any case depositing of medals it will makes no difference to other insensitive authorities..
4.     Rallies We must keep the torch burning, no matter whatever be the circumstances. We should continue rallies at JM & elsewhere. We should call off the rallies only after the litigation is filed in Supreme Court & the case is accepted by them for consideration in the wake of impending issue of notification by the Govt.

Brig Vijay Kumar

My response to your three questions is as under:
Q 1: YES
Q 2: YES
Q 3: NO
Best regards,

Brig B Chandra Shekar, VSM
Veteran (+70)

After struggle and wait of 40 years, what we have achieved on 5 Sep 2015 should not be under estimated. If all political outfits in the past  did not appreciate veterans  demands,  the present government's action need not condemned out right. 

We should now wait for final order and  then  decide on future course of action

Return of medals can not and have not had any  effect/impact  on the political class an they are totally clueless about value of medals. The reception  we got while depositing medals with the President in the past be better forgotten.

We can venture in political field  to defeat NDA and bring  Other Outfit be highly counter productive Firstly we lose 50% of public support and 70% support of veterans. Please for god sake, donot try anything like that. Let the institution of Defence remain apolitical.

Brig S C Arora (Retd)

1. we must give a pause ,wait for govt notification ,which in any case will be ,if at all, after Bihar election. stop rallies& RHS.

2. plan for a court case.
maj. gen. dn kathuria,

I am repeating it again. We must remain as commissioned officers. We are not class A officers. Agents of ISI are taking full advantage of email and you are best judge to interpretate the matter. We will not and never achieve any thing if we butcher our-self publicly. History is replete with such case    In Saigon Buddhist burnt themselves in 1960/70. Any thing happened. People were on fast unto death. Yes any thing worth while achieved. 

We are achieving the greatest IZZAT of BLOODY FOOL FAUJIS. Kindly achieve it if you so desire 

DP Badsra (Retd)

Dear Sir,

My views are given Below :

1. Carry on with Rallies as planned. Cancelling Rallies now will water down our momentum.

2. No harm returning medals. It will attract some attention of public and those who matter. As it is, no pride left in wearing medals.

3. Not yet. But definitely after notification if demands not met.

Lt Col Surjit Singh Balaggan (Retd)
Mob # +918283094401

My suggestion are as under
(1) RH at JM shuld continue till the implementation order is issued ,
That ltter shoud sign by he cncerned offiials t JM itself in front of
(2) No medals to be returned , There was no action for the medls retured before
(3) Not to involve in poitics. Herho the VK sing ho is prooved selfish
general fighting only for his duplicat birth crificate

Col.Janakiraman Reddy

Dear Sirs,

Following are my views:

1.The Indian nation does not recognize the significance of medals earned by the soldiers. But, the soldiers do.
   Depositing medals to the President and others, therefore, will not make any difference to them.
2. The Defence Veterans should not in any way get involved with the present political parties. The present political  system
    is self- centered and dynastic. We have to wait till we start our own political party.
3. We continue with the present agitation till the government come out with the written version of  the OROP. If it is not acceptable to us, we must launch our next phase of protest.  We must be ready for it.  This should include approaching the Apex Court, Pan India agitation and exposing the hidden agenda of the bureaucrats and politicians.


Sqn.Ldr. (Dr) Kunneth Ramakrishnan, Ph.D.
Indian Air Force Retd.
1249, 4th Main, Dr. Ambedkar Layout
R.T. Nagar P.O.
Bengaluru - 560032.

My comments are as follows:-
1. Rallies should be conducted without waiting for the notification from the Govt to maintain the pressure on the Govt. It seems that the Babu's have made it a prestige issue of blocking the OROP or diluting it in some form or the other, the latest being that the Def Minister has said that VRS clause is only for Officers and not for JCO's and OR's.
2. Let us wait for the notification till the end of this month, thereafter intensify the agitation with full ferocity, in case the notification does not come or is diluted.
3. It is suggested that as of now, veterans should not get involved in the Bihar elections. Give this Govt a chance, let us wait and see the notification. There are more states where elections are due in the near future, and if the Govt deceives us, we should than get involved in elections campaigning against this Govt.

Lt Col Ranjan Tandon, SM (Retd)
Mob 9867430007 

Comment on all three views is No
Lt col mps bhatia (retd.)
Ic-25630 l, 9810512418, engineers

Dear all,
It is indeed appropriate and correct on the part of the committee to seek other's views before arriving at a logical conclusion. 
My views in brief are as under:
a) We must wait for the Government letter and examine it threadbare.
b) Under no circumstance we should get involved in the political activities and must refrain
from all election activities.
c) Action to deposit more medals also be kept in abeyance till issue of Govt letter.
Brig(Retd) S. Kapur,VSM
Mob: 9910896215

Following is submitted:-

1. Rally to continue till Govt agrees for OROP in full.
2. Medals can be deposited.
3. No political alliance should be established.
    (We should play our roll in Each State Depending upon
    the situation against BJP).

Rank: Major, Name: K.Narasimhan, Mobile: 7598235601

I am of view that this Govt. has been telling lies and we should keep pressure on them. They cannot  be trusted.   
  Name. IC 13067 Lt Col A K VIJ house No 50 Sec. 19A Chandigarh Ph. 4600083 

Health Benefits of 10 Herbal Teas

Herbal teas have grown in popularity over recent years and are feted by many for the range of health benefits they offer drinkers. Of course, in some countries - such as China and Sri Lanka - they have a long history of use for their medicinal qualities, as well as their range of tastes and flavors. When choosing a herbal tea, it's important to understand how each herb can help your health and overall well being. This article will help you select and prepare the right teas to match the health benefits most relevant to you.
Herbal Tea
What is Herbal Tea?
It's not really 'tea' at all, because tea is a specific type of plant. It refers to an infusion of leaves, seeds, roots or bark immersed in hot water. They should not be confused with 'fruit teas' (orange tea, lemon tea etc.), which are flavored largely to make them taste good. Only certain parts of many of the herbs used to make these drinks can be consumed, as others might be poisonous, but drinking a generously stacked portion of herbal tea can provide as much goodness as a vitamin pill, in a way that is easy and enjoyable to digest.
Selecting and Preparing Your Herbal Tea
When selecting a herbal tea, it is important to look for a well-sourced product made from natural ingredients. This is one sector where organic is usually very much best, and if you want to gain the most health benefits, avoid teas with added oils and artificial flavors. You should also leave your teabag to infuse for a decent amount of time - at least 10-15 minutes when preparing your drink. Here are ten of the healthiest herbal teas you can drink.
1. Chamomile
Main Benefits: Fights sleep problems & anxiety
Chamomile TeaChamomile is a small flowering plant that looks similar to a daisy, and it's golden buds have been found to help people who struggle to sleep well or suffer from mild insomnia. This is because it contains trytophan, an amino-acid known for its tranquilizing qualities. Studies have shown that it also possesses anti-anxiety properties that can help anyone prone to bouts of anxiety to relax.  Chamomile has been used as a medicinal herb for centuries, and was favored by ancient Egyptians. It is an effective, gentle and natural sedative with anti-stress properties.
2. Elderflower
Main Benefits: Decongestant, allergy relief and treating the common cold
Elderflower is a white flower of the Elder plant, which belongs to the Adoxaceae family and is found in subtropical areas of the world. Only its ripe berries are edible (when cooked) and other parts of the plant are poisonous. The berries have been used throughout history as a treatment for the common cold, blocked synuses, respiratory health and allergy relief. So if you want to breathe more easily, try Elderflower Tea.
3. Peppermint
Main Benefits: Treatment for nausea, vomiting and Irritable Bowel Sydrome
Peppermint is a hybrid cross between watermint and spearmint, and is indigenous to areas of Europe and the Middle East, although it has now been introduced to most areas of the world. It is a popular flavoring in confectionary, ice-cream and toothpaste, and is also used in soaps, shampoos and washes. It is also understood to encourage bile production in the gall bladder, helping the body break down fat and combat symptoms of nausea. It is also provides short term relief for people who suffer from Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
4. Lemon Verbena
Main Benefits: Aids digestion & Boosts the Immune System
HerbsLemon verbena or Aloysia citrodora is a native South American plant brought to Europe in the 17th century and cultivated for its oil. It is traditionally used in France as a digestive aid because the citrus helps to break down fats as they pass through the digestive tract. It can be drank before and after meals to serve its purpose.  Studies have also shown that it can reduce oxidative stress and strengthen white blood cell production, encouraging a better functioning immune system.

5. Green Tea
Main Benefits: Strengthens tissue cells
Pages could be written about the many health benefits of green tea, and no list of healthy herbal teas would be complete without it. It strengthens tissue cells to help protect the body from ageing (and age-related diseases) and is high in antixodants, which prevent cell damage caused by pollutants. Green tea can help fight cancer, heart disease and diabetes and has a number of other benefits too. You can find out more here. The Japanese drink gallons of it, and they have the highest life expectancy of any nationality.

6. Fennel
Main Benefits: Treatment for constipation, colic and flatulence. Also aids weight loss.
Fennel is a flowering plant native to the Meditteranean and has many ancient culinary and medicinal uses. It has anti-spasmodic properties that help relax intestinal muscles and provide an effective solution for constipation, colic and flatulence. Fennel tea is also an excellent diuretic that encourages the urge to urinate, helping expel toxins from the body. The herb also helps suppress hunger and speeds up metabolism, making it an excellent weight loss tool.

7. Nettle
Main Benefits: Boosts a run-down body
Nettle is a British herb that forms the basis of an excellent, all-round healthy tea. It is made from the plant of the stinging nettle, a plant that causes pain if touched in the wild, and has been used in medicine for many thousands of years. It has been shown to have a range of health benefits, including the treatment of urinary tract infections, hay fever and osteoarthritis. It boosts the immune system and supports the adrenal gland, just two of the properties that make it an excellent tea to drink when you are feeling run down
8. Milk Thistle or Dandelion Tea
Main Benefit: Cleanses the liver
Both milk thistle and dandelion tea are classed as weeds in the wild, but when used in tea they are one of the best natural ways we can regenerate, cleanse and purify the liver. Although both are beneficial, they work in different ways. Dandelion is known to act as a liver tonic and stimulates bile secretion, while milk thistle has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help improve symptoms of hepatitis and liver disease.

9. Ginger
Main Benefits: Cleansing, circulation, digestion & pain relief
Herbal TeaGinger is another plant with plentiful health benefits and has been used for centuries to ease stomach upsets and relieve pain. Ginger tea can be bought from the store, or made using a fresh piece of ginger place in water and simmered on the stove for 10-15 minutes. It is known for its warming properties, so is a great option if you have a fever. It also promotes blood circulation and relieves joint pain, making it a great healer.
10. Rosehip Tea
Main Benefits: Protects the skin, boosts adrenal function and promotes immunity
Roses are among the best loved flowers in the world, but they are not just useful for their beautiful scent and aesthetics. Their fruit - the rosehip - also provides a host of goodness that make for a great fragrant and healthy tea. Rosehip is one of the best sources of vitamin C in the natural world, important for healthy skin, a successful immune system and tissue health. Rosehip also boost adrenal function, providing plenty of extra energy and alertness. It's worth reaching for next time you feel run down.