Army's role in keeping political crisis in Pak alive cannot be ruled out: Ex-Deputy Army Chief Kadyan
How long will we live with the "Biggest Threat to Internal Security "?
New Delhi, Sept.2 (ANI):
Even as the political crisis in Pakistan remains at fever pitch with
both the PML-N led government and the protesting Pakistan
Tehreek-i-Insaf and Pakistan Awami Tehreek refusing to budge from their
respective positions, a former deputy chief of Indian Army, Lt. Gen. Raj
Kadyan (Retired), continues to maintain that there is no clarity on the
current situation prevailing in that country, and does not the rule the
role of the Pakistan Army in keeping the crisis alive for its own self
Lt. Gen. Kadyan told ANI,
"There is no clarity on the current situation in Pakistan. I have
always maintained that if the Pakistan Army is not directly involved,
then it has definitely indirectly supported it. The (Pakistan) army
brass in their meeting yesterday said that the use of force by the
government does not augur well for the nation. It criticized the
Lt. Gen. Kadyan was speaking as Pakistan Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif stood firm amidst pressure to resign, and the
protesting PTI and PAT standing their ground in Islamabad's
high-security Red Zone.
Violent clashes have taken place over the
last 72 hours, leaving at least three dead and hundreds injured.
Speculation and conspiracy theories are widespread, the most popular of
which sees the powerful military as somehow engineering the ongoing
Referring specifically to Prime Minister Sharif, Lt. Gen.
Kadyan said, "Sharif had tried to show some spine in his second term and
he was removed in a coup (By Gen. Musharraf). The Pakistan Army does
not want better relations with India. It wants to weaken the government.
They cannot go for the coup, as it will reduce American support and
attract international condemnation."
The former deputy army chief,
however, said that the problems in Pakistan would be resolved within
two or three days, and predicted that while Sharif would continue to be
Prime Minister, it would be the Pakistan Army that would be calling the
He also agreed with Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh's view that
India could not expect good results to come out of (foreign secretary-level) talks with Pakistan at this point in time.
the Home Minister said is right. There would not be any good result
coming out of talks. It was expected of the new government," Lt. Gen.
New Delhi, Sept.2 (ANI):
For nearly a decade, we have been hearing former Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh tell conferences of police officers in Delhi that Maoists
are the biggest threat to internal security in the country and that the
Central Government was taking steps to counter it, and asked the
States to join the battle. However, the threat has been continuing.
NDA government has stated that it will have 'zero tolerance' as far as
terrorism in concerned. The country looks forward to the measures that
the Central Government will take to counter the Maoists.
back, Naxalites were active in the 1970s in Kolkata and parts of
West Bengal. The credit should go to then Chief Minister Siddartha
Shankar Ray and the army led by Lt. Gen. J.F. R. Jacob , who took steps
to virtually eliminate them . They have not resurfaced in Kolkata since
The Naxals re-emerged as the Communist Party of India
(Maoist), and have strong bases in Andhra Pradesh, North Telangana,
Orissa , West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, and adjacent areas
of Maharashtra. They have a strong base in the Dandakaranya in
Chattisgarh , where they virtually run their own administration.
to P. V. Ramana, the author of the book, the armed underground force
of the CPI(Maoist) has a strength of 13,000 fighters , both men and
They are well armed, and have resources which they extort
from corrupt government officials, landlords, businessmen, including
big industrial houses. They extort nearly Rs. 1,500 crores annually
from them , the largest contribution coming from Andhra Pradesh, Bihar
In January 2007, the CPI(Maoist) conducted its
first Congress following the merger of the Communist Party of
India-Marxist-Leninist (People's War) and Maoist Communist Centre of
India, in the Beembundh forests of Mungher District of Bihar, which was
believed to have been attended by 100 delegates from different parts of
the country. It marked the 'near total unification' of Maoist forces
in the country.
The book also gives the documents adopted by
the party after detailed discussions between February 2003 and September
2004 which contain the strategy and objectives of the movement.
The Maoist objective is to establish a Communist society in India
through an"armed agrarian revolutionary war" through area wise
seizure of power.
The documents give details of the strategy
and tactics and targets of the "Indian Revolution. " The broad targets
are the landlords, the Comprador Bureaucrats and Bourgeoisie.
documents also gives details how the 'revolutionary war' is to be
conducted in urban areas. According to the document, the 'urban
movement' is one of the main sources , which provides cadres and
leadership , having various types of capabilities essential for the
people's war and for the establishment of liberated areas. They also
provide supplies, technology, expertise and information needed for the
revolutionary movement. The 'urban movement' seeks to gain control
over the working class movement and use it appropriately at a later
stage when the ' Revolution' advances
The document also
underlines the need for the establishment of "secret self-defence
squads" to defend the urban mass movement, and the need for giving them
proper military training. One of their responsibilities is to learn the
tactics and plans of the 'enemy forces' in the area and help the rural
The book gives details of the "Janathana
Sarkar" , which it claims was formed by Dandakaranya revolutionary
masses , who have been able "to successfully go forward with the
ultimate aim of establishing Socialism -Communism by destroying the
semi-colonial , semi-feudal system in India through People's War and
establishing a People's Democratic system."
The author also gives
the text of interviews given by top leaders of the CPI (Maoist) Party,
Mupalla Laxman Rao alias Ganapathy, Azad, the spokesperson of the
Central Committee , and Mallojula Koteshwara Rao, popularly known as
Kishenji, which gives their comments on current developments in the
country as far as the movement is concerned and highlights the need to
establish 'liberated areas'. The interviews also provide valuable
insight into the thinking of the leaders.
The section on the
text of the resolutions of the party gives a clear idea how it has grown
over the years. It is followed by details of the synchronized and
large scale attacks by the CPI(Maoist) forces.
It is interesting
to note from the press release in August 2007 that the CPI(Maoist)
party felt that the re-imposition of the ban on SIMI is a reiteration of
the UPA Government's intention to continue its 'brutal war' on Muslims.
Also surprising was the press release in August 2008 which claimed
that "Azad Kashmir" is the "birthright of every Kashmiri" and calls on
"people of India to rise up in support of the just and democratic
struggle of the people and fight back the brutal onslaught of Indian
The book is a must read for anyone who wants to understand Maoists in the country.
Mr. I. Ramamohan Rao is a former Principal Information Officer to the Government of
India. he can be reached on his e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. (ANI)
By I. Ramamohan Rao
India should not unilaterally declare LoC as its International Boundary with Pakistan: Shyam Saran
New Delhi, Sept. 2 (ANI): Former foreign secretary and chairman, National Security Advisory Board, Shyam Saran is of the view that India should not unilaterally declare the current Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir as its international boundary with Pakistan.Delivering the inaugural lecture on the theme of Changing Asia, initiated by the Society for Policy Studies in collaboration with the India Habitat Centre here yesterday evening, Saran said, "I do not agree with the proposition that India should unilaterally declare the current Line of Control as its international boundary with Pakistan as was envisaged in the talks between Indira Gandhi and Bhutto in 1972, but abandoned by Pakistan soon thereafter."
The former foreign secretary stressed that if the LOC is to become the eventual international boundary between the two countries, then it should be the end point of negotiations and not the starting point.
Placing the issue in context, Saran cited the example of Germany and France who reconciled after the Second World War precisely because post-war leaders of the two countries articulated a shared perception concerning the origins of the war, the ensuing peace and the future shape of Europe, and added that until there was a more convergent view of shared history between India and Pakistan, there can be no grand reconciliation.
Saran gave plenty of historical narratives of the two countries, which he said are widely divergent. "We have different interpretations on Partition, on Kashmir, on the 1965 war, on the birth of Bangladesh in 1971, on the Simla Agreement, on the Kargil War in 1999 and on the Mumbai terrorist outrage in 2008," he said.
He reminded that till such convergences emerge between the two nations, India will have to settle for managing an adversarial relationship with its neighbour the best it can. He said that India may have to deploy counter-constraint policies in order to try and change the strategic calculus in Islamabad, which in plain terms means the ability to inflict pain if India's security is threatened.
Saran said India must also include a longer term and uninterrupted project to enhance people-to-people links, trade and commercial relations and cultural interactions whenever such opportunities offer themselves. Improved relations are likely to be the cumulative outcome of a series of modest and incremental steps rather than a big bang affair, he said. (ANIhttp://www.aninews.in/newsdetail2/story181834/india-should-not-unilaterally-declare-loc-as-its-international-boundary-with-pakistan-shyam-saran.html